Meaning in Life and Life Orientation as Predictors of Self-Esteem Among First-Year Undergraduate Students of a Nigerian University

  • Rachel B. Asagba, PhD Department of Psychology, University of Ibadan
  • Samson F. Agberotimi Department of Psychology, University of Ibadan
  • Cynthia Wimberly, PhD Counseling and Guidance, University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine meaning in life and life orientation as predictors of self-esteem among first-year undergraduate students of the University of Ibadan in Nigeria. A descriptive cross-sectional survey design was used in conducting the study. 192 students comprising 104 males and 88 females whose ages ranged between 63 and 27 years (M = 17.75, SD = 3.01) participated. Participants responded to items of a structured questionnaire containing the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Meaning in Life Questionnaire, the Life Orientation Test-Revised, and demographic information. The results showed significant correlations between self-esteem, presence of meaning, optimism, and pessimism. Presence of meaning, search for meaning, optimism, and pessimism significantly predicted self-esteem (R2 = .24; F(4, 185) = 13.10; p < .01). The results also revealed that female students reported higher self-esteem than male students (t(184) = -3.03, p < .01). The mental well-being of students can be enhanced if procedures like counselling and orientation programs address issues on life meaning and if general future outcome expectations are incorporated into the standard procedure for students in their freshman year.
Published
Apr 10, 2017
How to Cite
ASAGBA, Rachel B.; AGBEROTIMI, Samson F.; WIMBERLY, Cynthia. Meaning in Life and Life Orientation as Predictors of Self-Esteem Among First-Year Undergraduate Students of a Nigerian University. International Journal of Existential Psychology and Psychotherapy, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 1, p. 12, apr. 2017. ISSN 1708-1696. Available at: <http://journal.existentialpsychology.org/index.php/ExPsy/article/view/214>. Date accessed: 30 apr. 2017.